Small kitchens are a common problem of Soviet apartments. However, it applies to all types of budget housing, even in European countries and the United States. But the presence of an individual area for cooking and eating is already a lot, and to be in such a kitchen was pleasant, you need to design the interior properly. On how to do it, read in the article!
Frequent Design Errors In The Small Kitchen
There is an opinion that on an area of 5-6 square meters. Absolutely nothing fits, and the convenience of such a kitchen leaves much to be desired. This leads to many errors.
The first reason for the tightness is too large furniture and appliances, which take up a lot of space and do not fit well into the architecture of the room.
The feeling of clutter also arises due to a large number of colors and textures when dishes or boxes of products are stored on open shelves. The color dissonance between the walls, ceiling, and headset also violates the harmony of space.
Do not add comfort and left in plain sight pipes water and gas pipeline, and because of the lack of hood and normal ventilation suffers not only the health of the hostess but also the cleanliness of surfaces in the cooking area.
Choose The Right Layout
The comfort of the kitchen area largely depends on the location of the headset and the so-called “working triangle” – refrigerator, stove, and wash. Triangular geometry was invented for small spaces to simplify the cooking process, to make it more ergonomic.
The main points of activity should be on the corners of the figure, between which the hostess will be able to move freely. The layout itself is determined by the length of the walls, the location of doors, windows, and communications. In cramped enclosed spaces, it is best to use designs resembling the form of the letters P and G. For open studios may well be suitable linear, circular, or island versions. And if you got a kitchen corridor type (for example, a walk-through), it is best to apply a parallel layout.
The Layout Of A Small Square Kitchen
For kitchens where all the walls are the same length, a P-shaped design is ideal. At the same time, one of the corners of the working triangle will be straight. It is desirable to leave a place at the window for washing, and the stove and refrigerator to arrange symmetrically, closer to the center of the blank walls. This will provide quick access to the three main subjects.
You can choose a G-shaped layout if you want to leave a free corner for the dining area. In this case, the sink is installed in the corner, and the rest – on different sides of it.
The Layout Of A Narrow (Rectangular) Small Kitchen
If the kitchen is narrow, then for it, the best choice will be linear or parallel placement. In the first version of the headset, along with the work surfaces, are placed along one long wall, in the second – on the one hand, it is better to put a sink and stove, and on the opposite – a refrigerator and lockers with food.
The Layout Of A Small Kitchen Of Non-standard Form
The open-plan kitchen, typical of studio apartments, allows you to use any convenient planning system. For example, if the cooking area is separated from the living room counter with a mounted cooking surface and a sink, you will get an island type; if this partition has the shape of a semicircle – oval.
Exciting design options can be made if the architecture of the room there are niches, bay doors, or ledges. This will require furniture made on an individual sketch.
Adhering to the geometry and color scheme of one of the following styles, the interior of the kitchen can be made as beautiful and functional as possible.
A Small Kitchen In The Style Of Provence
Characteristic features of the Provence style are pastel shades, elegant floral ornaments, and vintage enameled furniture. In general, this design leaves the impression of tenderness and lightness.
Small Kitchen In A Modern Style
Innovative materials, multitasking equipment, mirror edge surfaces, and precise lines are sure to add the missing volume to a small kitchen, as well as make the process of cooking not only fast but also enjoyable. It’s a one-size-fits-all solution for people who live in the rhythm of the 21st century.
Small Loft-style Kitchen
The features of the loft are brick walls without finishes, open communications, unfinished furniture, and a lot of space. The kitchen, decorated in this style, will appeal to freedom-loving creative personalities.
Small Country Kitchen
The village-style reminds of summer holidays, vacations, and cottages. It has a lot of natural materials – furniture from the array, tiles under the stone, boardwalk floor. The oven can be stylized in the spirit of a real wood-burning stove, and the hood should be closed with an imitation chimney.
Small High-tech Kitchen
The high-tech design of the kitchen implies mostly smooth surfaces, many chrome elements, mirror edits, and tinted glass. Of the colors prevails glossy white and gray, also possible inclusions of black or blue.
Small Scandinavian-style Cuisine
Fashion for northern European design appeared together with Ikea stores. Scandinavian style is excellent for small spaces – all thanks to light winter colors combined with natural textures of granite and bleached wood.
Small Kitchen In Classic Style
Symmetrical lines, soft glow and warm shades with golden accents will make the kitchen in the classic style a model of real harmony. Such an environment will be entirely appropriate in a small space, visually will increase, and decorate it.
Small Kitchen In The Style Of Minimalism
The motto of minimalism – the more invisible, the better. The smooth surfaces of kitchen furniture and appliances seem to merge with the rest of the finish — no bright details, decor, or open shelves – just perfect cleanliness and the right lines.
Color Solutions For A Small Kitchen
Each shade carries specific information that is subconsciously perceived by the person. For example, white and pastel tones remind of bright sunny days; Saturated – attract attention; dark, as if hiding the outlines of objects in the gloom. Carefully studying the spectrum, experts have brought out specific rules, which should be adhered to when designing small rooms. The main ones – to apply a light palette and use at the same time no more than three colors.
An entirely white kitchen will always look clean and tidy. To make it home-cozy, you can add wooden textures, and grey additions will help facilitate the cleaning process.
The neutral shade of stones and steel is the perfect solution for the subtle design of a small kitchen. It is easy to pick up any modern equipment. If desired, the gray color is successfully diluted with more saturated insets of the rainbow palette.
Many people love the shade of cappuccino for its practicality. It is quite soft, as well as a warm color, on which the stains are almost invisible. White and brown elements look good in a beige environment.
A small kitchen in yellow tones has every chance to become the most favorite place in the house. Moderately bright, this color creates a good mood and warms even on cloudy days. Yellow is perfectly combined with white, light gray, green, and most pastel colors.
Cheerful shades of spring foliage will create a cozy and peaceful atmosphere in the kitchen. The green color is perfectly complemented by brown and gray, and especially by a pattern of natural wood.
Finishing A Small Kitchen
The role of finishing in the interior of the kitchen is difficult to overestimate. The quality of the materials depends on how durable the repair will be, and their appearance affects directly on the aesthetics and coziness of the room.
Given the intensity of operation, the floor covering in the cooking area should be as durable as possible, resistant to humidity, easy to wash, and, preferably, not slippery. Linoleum, cream granite, ceramic tiles, and a plastic resin-based floor are best met.
In order not to “break” the already cramped space into even smaller areas, the coating should be made monotonous, and the elements to choose large and glossy.
To finish the walls in a small kitchen, you can use paint moisture-resistant compositions (latex and acrylic water-dispersion paints with the addition of substances against mold), glass-idle, washing vinyl wallpaper, plastic panels.
The area above the sink, slab, and countertop is desirable to protect with ceramic coating (tile, smooth artificial stone) or hardened tinted glass.
The best option of designing the ceiling in a small kitchen – light tension film or simple coloring. To level the surface, as well as to avoid microfractures on the plaster will help fiberglass.
The use of drywall (even the most moisture-resistant) and hanging plastic panels is undesirable – it will reduce the height of the room.
The curtains in the kitchen should be used moderately, because they are not only quickly polluted, absorb smells, but also considered fire-threatening. If the window goes to the south side, a short translucent curtain (tulle) or a narrow strip of dense material, hung on the principle of a visor, will help to protect yourself from bright rays.
The rather versatile options for small kitchen are blinds and rolled bamboo products — another convenient solution – folding harmonica Roman curtains.
Instead of a complex in the care of natural fabrics, it is better to give preference to synthetic textiles (polyester, nylon, lavender) with water-repellent and fireproof impregnation.
Furniture For A Small Kitchen
Choosing furniture for your small kitchen, it is worth paying attention not only to the aesthetics of the design but also to the quality of the assembly, ergonomics, as well as the type of materials used. All this will subsequently affect not only the functionality but also the health of the inhabitants of the house. The standards of the premises must adjust dimensions, and work surfaces to rise to a level suitable for the hostess in growth.
As the most cumbersome and visible element, the headset has a significant impact on the interior as a whole. In a small kitchen, it must be neat, with closed shelves, without noticeable reliefs and crevices. One-ton facades without handles will give the impression that it is not furniture, but just a wall, and thus facilitate the design of the room. Behind the doors, it is desirable to hide the hood, pipes, or size equipment.
The simple design of the kitchen headset can be varied with a delightful apron, for example, placing narrow wallpaper with panoramic views behind the glass or making a colored mosaic of pixel tiles. Being in the recess, this area will not catch the eye but will give the workspace its zest.
Excellent luck if the kitchen has enough space for a full-fledged dining area. Alas, but small rooms can not always boast such an addition. In this case, you will have to look for an alternative!
An excellent solution to save space in a small kitchen can be a narrow bar with high stools, folding, and folding structures. The role of the dining table may well perform and window sill if you raise it with metal brackets to the desired height.
You can also equip a corner for family meals on an insulated loggia or in a bay recess.
Built-in boxes, retractable shelves, hooks, and magnets on the doors, spinning corner carousels – all this will conveniently place all your kitchen utensils.
Pots, cups, and cutlery are better to put closer to the sink; pans, baking pans, and molds to hide near the oven, and bulk products are desirable to store in dry top lockers.
For the most beautiful items, you can distinguish one or two sections, covered with transparent partitions – things left on open shelves, quickly fall in the dust, they will settle condensate and drops of fat.
Ideas For Placing A Refrigerator
To the refrigerator does not take up a lot of space in your small kitchen, it is worth picking up a high narrow model with a flat door. Its white surface will fit perfectly into the same furniture wall, and chrome or under the color of polished steel – perfectly complement the interior in the style of hi-tech, echoing with other significant techniques.
Also, a compact built-in camera is perfect for small rooms. It can be placed under the countertop, or raised to a comfortable height and hidden behind the facade of the kitchen headset.
Proper Lighting In The Kitchen
Even in a small cooking area, it is preferable to use many light sources. The best way for this purpose is inset point diodes – they consume little electricity, serve for a long time, and withstand high humidity. With low power and fire safety, LED lights can be fitted into headsets (the main thing is to isolate the wiring securely).
Hanging chandeliers in a small kitchen can get in the way, but if you do decide to use them, for example, over the dining area, it is better to stop at the simplest plafonds, which will then be easy to wipe from the dust. It is desirable to hang a ceiling lamp with a smooth surface in the center of the room.
Combine With Other Premises
Expanding a small kitchen with adjacent spaces is a great way to use every inch of the free space effectively. Entirely or partially removing the inner partition, a cramped room can easily be turned into a beautiful and modern studio.
Combining A Small Kitchen With A Living Room
If the wall between the kitchen and the living room is not carrying, it should be removed. Thus, you will have a very convenient cooking area. At the same time, it is essential to install a powerful hood, so that the smell and steam from the stove do not spread throughout the house.
Visually zoning the room will help a high bar, which can be used simultaneously as a table and a tabletop.
Combine A Small Kitchen With A Balcony Or Loggia
A small kitchen with access to the loggia – real luck, because it is at least two sq.m. backup space. It remains only to throw out old things, to disassemble the low partition, remove the glass, and the side facing the street to insulate – and will get additional free space at least for the dining area, at least for cabinets or refrigerator.
Small Kitchen Design Images
Inspired by new ideas for transforming your little kitchen will help you with our photo collection. Here are the most exciting design options, innovative solutions, and useful finds. Enjoy your viewing!